Welcome to LSC1103Academic Reading and Writing 1


Common Course Outline

Course Title: Academic Reading and Writing I
Course Number: LSC 1103
Course Credit Units: 3.00
Total Contact Periods Per Week: 4
Degree Level: AAS/BAS
Course Description:First semester BAS course focusing on basic research and academic reading and writing skills. Connects reading to vocabulary acquisition and to the production of academic­ style essays containing references. Students apply techniques such as brainstorming, organising and planning to generate ideas, as well as drafting, revising, editing and proofreading written work.
Additional Information:The course also equips students to access academic texts more effectively whereby they can produce written academic English which is proficient enough to demonstrate their learning and their understanding. In doing so students need to grasp the basics of research skills outlined below.
Grading Mode: N ­ Normal Grading Mode
Prerequisite Course(s):Corequisite Course(s):Equivalent Course(s):EDUC 118LSEC N100
Grade Scale: HCT Grading Scheme
Must Pass:
Course Learning Outcomes:
CLO 1­ Use a range of reading strategies and skills to build interactive reading, including identifying different kinds of text structure, identifying main versus supporting detail, and opinion versus fact, drawing conclusions and evaluating, using context and other sources/resources to find and understand words, all with a large degree of independence.
CLO 2­ Deploy appropriate skills and strategies to further understanding of academic vocabulary in context.
CLO 3­ Use brainstorming, organizing and planning techniques to generate ideas and narrow down a topic before completing a plan for a piece of writing, and be able to locate and select appropriate sources when needed including the use of library resources.
CLO 4­ Use material from relevant reliable sources to develop clear and detailed text acknowledging materials used by citing sources in APA format and using direct quotations correctly so that detailed information is communicated reliably and with appropriate acknowledgment. Understanding the seriousness of plagiarizing and the consequences of doing so.
CLO 5­ Draft, revise, edit and proofread written work largely independently using appropriate reference materials, tools, software or websites where necessary. 
Delivery Framework:This course should be structured in a way that is indicative of the course objectives set and study skills that students need to acquire
Teaching AND Learning Strategies:The following assessment breakdown is suggested:
Basic research skills 20%: Campus designed and administered test. (Outcomes: 3,4)
Reading portfolio 10%: Campus designed and administered. (Outcomes: 1,2,3)
Vocabulary 15%: Campus designed and administered. (Outcomes: 1,2,3)
Writing portfolio 25%: Campus designed and administered. (Outcomes: 3,4,5)
Final Exam, Reading 15% and Writing 15%: System-wide designed and administered. (Outcomes, 1,2,3,4,5)
All work to be assessed using HCT rubrics schemes. (Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5)

  1. Basic research skills: You will learn how to reference work using APA style which you will use throughout your Bachelor studies. You will learn the reasons for gaining knowledge and why we need to reference work that we use. Plagiarism is a core element of this assessment with exercises on what is and what is not plagiarism. Your teacher will guide you in sourcing materials to use in learning about specific subject areas. Your assessment will reflect the aforementioned elements in a test format.
  2. Reading portfolio: You will be guided by your teacher on readings that are suitable for your study. The readings will be connected to acquiring vocabulary and encouraging writing. You will build a portfolio of readings accompanied by evidence of comprehension. With the help of your teacher through reading activities, you will acquire the skills needed to interpret readings and enrich your knowledge. A grade will be given for the portfolio, using HCT’s reading portfolio rubric.
  3. Vocabulary: At this level of study you will acquire new vocabulary that is connected to your readings. This will be assessed in various ways: vocabulary logs, glossary, written usage in context, and quizzes. The main goal of this assessment is to increase your vocabulary and academic word base.
  4. Writing portfolio: This will reflect your readings and demonstrate your writing skills that have been taught over the period of the course. The portfolio will reflect your ability to take notes, brainstorm, summarize and check your own work. Your teacher will guide you in attaining these skills and you will submit completed work into your blog where it will be graded using the HCT”s rubrics.
  5. Final, reading and writing essay:There will be two (three) passages, the combined length of which should be no more than 1500 words. One text should be 500-800 words (650-750) words, FK Level 12; the other should be 500-800 words (550-650) words, but at FK Level 10. The latter text should include 1 graph or table. (The third passage should be a chart, graph, or table-linked by its content, if possible, to the topic of the second—the shorter—reading passage.) Five items will assess vocabulary. The student will write an extended, multi-paragraph text (250-300 words) demonstrating exit competency level (5.5 HCT Writing Band) with an introduction, body, and conclusion in one of the following genres: compare/contrast, problems/solutions, causes/effects, or argumentative essay. Grading will be moderated and HCT’s rubrics used.


Task 1-8 Set Exercises Basic research skills, APA referencing style, intext direct and indirect citations, sourcing materials and plagiarism awareness 10%
Task 10-15 Coursework Set Exercises note taking, essay format, report format, paragraph writing, topic sentences and supporting details, writing introductions and conclusions, drafting and editing 10%


Coursework Test Reading and vocabulary test 1 12.5%
Task 13 Coursework Test Reading and Vocabulary Test 2 12.5%
Coursework Essay Writing Portfolio of three academic style essays 15%
Coursework Practical Skills Assessment writing portfolio of two summaries 10%
Final Assessment Written Examination Reading comprehension 15%.Two textual readings 600-800 words(FK level 10-12) .One visual reading. 30 reading comprehension items including 5 vocabulary.(1 hour),Written exam 15%. Students write a 250-300 word essay from a choice of 2 prompts.(1 hour) 30%
Total Weight: 100%  100%

Assessment Schedule

Week Activity CLO Weight Gradebook
1-4 Tasks 1-8 1,2,3,4 7.5% 1
6-7 Tasks 10-15 1,2,3,4 7.5 1


Reading & Vocabulary test 1 1,2,3 12.5% 2
9 Essay Writing 1 3,4,5 5% 3
11 Essay Writing 2 3,4,5 5% 3
13 Essay writing 3 3,4,5 5% 3
14 Summary writing 4 3,4,5 5% 3
15 Summary writing 5 3,4,5 5% 3
16 Final 1,2,3,4,5 30%
Introducing the course and setting up your blog Tasks 1-3 1 14th -18th January 2018
Reading 1 – Question analysis-Task 4

Task 4 – Paragraph organisation.

Introduction Referencing-Task 5

Reading 2 Report writing and formatting Task 6 3
Active Reading – Identifying topic sentences. Task 7

Writing 1 topic sentences tasks 8 & 9

Reading test 1 ‘On the Road’ & Vocabulary

Writing 2 Paragraphs Task 11 & 12

Task 13 Referencing 6
Reading Test 2 ‘Food Matters’ (T14)

Reading 5 ‘Critical Reading’ & Vocabulary (Task 15) 

Reading 6 Writing 3 Paraphrasing & summarizing Review

Task 16

The Writing Process: Essay Writing 4 – Opinion Essays 9
Writing 5 Problem and solution essay 10
Writing 6 Cause and Effect essay 11
Writing 7 Summary 1 12
Writing 8 Summary 2 All blog posts 13
Writing 9 Summary 3  14
Writing 10 Summary 4 Final drafts due  15
Final Exam 16

Grades for ALL Courses

Here is some information about how we grade your work, if you have any questions about this please feel free to bring them up in class 🙂

Grade Descriptors and Number of Letter Grades

Grade Range Grade Points Explanation of Codes
A 90 – 100 4  Achievement that is outstanding relative to the course and GPA requirements
A- 87 – 89 3.7
B+ 84-86 3.3 Achievement that is significantly above the course and GPA requirements
B 80-83 3
C+ 74-76 2.3 Achievement that satisfactorily meets the course and GPA requirements
C 70-73 2
D 60 – 63 1 Achievement that minimally meets the course requirements but may not meet the GPA requirement
F 0 – 59 0 Achievement that does not meet requirements for course with normal grading mode.
P Pass 0 Achievement that meets the course requirements, in courses graded pass/fail, but is not computed in the GPA.
FL Fail 0 Achievement that does not meet requirement




All acts of dishonesty in any work constitute academic misconduct. Any violation of academic ethics will be unacceptable in this class. Students must always submit work that represents his or her original ideas and words. If any of the ideas or statements are not the student’s original ones, all relevant sources must be cited. Ideas and statements that require citation are not only all hardcopy or electronic publications, copyrighted or not, but also all verbal and visual communication when the source of the cited information/content is clearly identifiable. In this course academic dishonesty may result in rejecting the student’s work and giving no credit for that assignment, or giving a failing grade for the entire course.

To avoid plagiarism, students are required to submit all their assignments to Safe Assign on BB Vista before final submission. Please remember that HCT has ZERO tolerance policy towards cheating. If you have any questions related to Safe Assign, please consult with your instructor for clarification.

Deadlines for Assessments and exams

All assessments must be submitted on the deadline at the set time in the appropriate format. Late submissions will have 5% deducted for each calendar day that they are late. After 5 days, the assignment will not be accepted and the student will receive zero for that assessment. It is the student’s responsibility to solve any technical issues before the due date.

If a student is ill and misses a deadline, a medical note must be provided within 3 days. The student will be given a maximum extension equal to the number of days of documented illness based on teacher discretion. (for example, if a student is sick for 3 days, she will have a maximum of 3 days extra to submit her assignment).

For group assessments, each situation will be considered on its own merits and the teacher will use their discretion.

If a student misses an exam or a presentation, she will receive zero. If a medical note is provided within 3 days of the exam date, an alternative assessment will arranged between the student and the teacher.

To avoid, plagiarism it is important for you to apply the American Psychological Association (APA) standard of in-text referencing for any written work. If you need to know more about this referencing technique, please refer to the HCT guide to APA Bib guide APA style.

 Attendance and Participation Policy:

Participation is vital. Participation does not mean just being physically present in class. The lesson can only be dynamic and interesting if each student is there and takes an active part in class activities. When you are absent, it is your responsibility to find out about the work assigned at the class you missed by looking at the class blog.


Task 1

In this course you will be using a blog just like this for me to view your work.  So you must bring a laptop or ipad to every session.

Before you make your blog you might want to watch this video about what a blog is.  Now go to  this link  and follow the steps to make your own blog and send me the link to your blog.  My email is hwright@hct.ac.ae .

When you make the blog please call it the course code + your name, so for example, “1103aliobaid”.

For your first blog post, I would like you to write information about yourself introducing yourself to me.  the academic word for information about someone is BIOGRAPHY.  Use this for your title and write 100-150 words.  Your first blog post should tell me:

  • Your name.
  • How old you are.
  • Where you live.
  • Why you are here studying English.
  • 3 Things that you are interested in.
  • 1 ambition (something that you would like to achieve in your life)

Here is my introduction as an example:

Writing Assignment 1: BIOGRAPHY


Hello, my name is Heather Joy Wright.  I am 51 years old and I live in Medinat Zayad.  I have two adult daughters.  I am very happy to be working here for HCT Colleges in the Western Region.  I have been here for four years and have learned much about the UAE, its people, and culture.

I am interested in health and exercise; I like to swim, I run a swimming club at HCT, and I enjoy playing squash.  Another interest of mine is animal welfare, I train horses and dogs for a Rescue Society. I have fallen in love with camels and had the opportunity to ride them, drink their milk and taste them too!

One of my ambitions is to write a book and have it published.  I am writing the history of the first King of England.  He lived 1000 years ago was called William the Conqueror. (150 words)


Remember to use capital letters to start every sentence and for the first letter of names (proper nouns) and to put a full stop at the end of every sentence.

Task 2

Now that you have made your first blog post I would like you to go back to the course outline, LSC 1103 course outline , read it carefully and make a note of:

  • Three things you would like to learn on this course.
  • Three things you find difficult about studying.
  • Three advantages and three disadvantages about studying using a blog.
  • A website that you have found that you think is useful for learning English, include the reason why and a hyperlink to the site.
  • As a guide, you should write at least 150 words.

Post to your blog (Use the title Task 2) and don’t forget every time you do a blog post you will get points towards the coursework.

Task 3

Now that you have done two blog posts, I would like you to do the following:writing

  • Do some research and find a definition of an  essay – write this in your blog using your own words.
  • Write a list of the 4 main parts of an essay.
  • Answer these questions in your blog:
  1. What makes a good introduction?
  2. What is a paragraph?
  3. How do you show where a paragraph begins and ends?
  4. What makes a good conclusion?
  5. What are references?

 One of the purposes of this course is to improve your essay writing skills. (LO 3,4,5) So let’s start by evaluating your current skills.  Score your competence in the eight areas (1-8).  Use a scale of 1 to 5 (1 = poor, 5 = excellent).

Be honest and don’t worry – at the end of this course, you will be doing all these things brilliantly!

  1. Writing correct and accurate English. 1     2     3     4     5
  2. Planning an outline of an essay.            1     2     3     4     5
  3. Drafting and redrafting my writing.     1     2     3     4     5
  4. Editing and proofreading                         1     2     3     4     5
  5. Organising information                            1     2     3     4     5
  6. Organising my time.                                  1     2     3     4     5
  7. Finding and using source material        1     2     3     4     5
  8. Paraphrasing other people’s words.     1     2     3     4     5

Task 4 Reading and Vocabulary

Part A:  The instruction verbs in the table are commonly used in essay questions.  Copy and paste this list into your blog and complete the table by adding their meanings IN YOUR OWN WORDS.  You can work with a partner for this task.

Instruction verb Meaning
Part B:  Read the text below.
Understanding the task.  How to analyse an assignment. 
Here are some general questions that you can ask to help define the requirements for any assignment:

  1. Identify the instruction verbs in the assignment.
  2. What is the most appropriate format: report or essay? A report will only contain facts, an essay will have your thoughts and opinion.  Do you have a choice?
  3. Is there a word count target I must meet?

Your answers to these questions will depend on the type of assignment you are being asked to write and the advice or guidance given for that assignment. Your tutor will be able to help if you are unsure.

Example of answers for the question, “Discuss the future of the UAE?”  These answers are for the questions 1-3 above.

  1. The question is asking about the FUTURE (not now) so I have to think about different aspects of the future I could discuss,  like the economic conditions, the social conditions and the maybe technology and infrastructure.  I am asked to discuss so I must give more than one viewpoint.
  2. I have choice. I think an essay is better because in an essay I can give my opinion from my experience.
  3. No length, but this is a big question so I think at least 250 words.
    There is no word count target given for this assignment, but I think a short introduction of no more than 50 words, then 100 words for each paragraph (there will be three of these) and then maybe a 50 word conclusion.

Now I would like YOU to answer the same 3 questions for the following essay assignment. Post your answers to your blog.


“Discuss the problems associated with city overcrowding and evaluate possible solutions.” (250-300 words)

  1. What are the instruction verbs in the assignment?
  2. What is the most appropriate format: report or essay? A report will only contain facts, an essay will have your thoughts and opinion.  Do I have a choice, or is it stipulated in any guidance notes I’ve been given?
  3. What is the word count target?




I would like make a Vocabulary Notebook on your blog.  As part of your coursework, we will be studying words from the Academic Word List.  Each lesson you  add 5 new words form the Academic Word List to your Vocabulary Notebook.  I would like you to present them in this format:

  • First the word, then the meaning of the word.
  •  Next, enter the Arabic translation.
  • Create an example sentence in English which uses the word in the correct context. Do NOT copy and paste!
  • Then I would like you to find collocations for the word.  (A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound “right” to native English speakers, who use them all the time. eg, for ‘ice’ collocations = cream/cold)
  • Find out and write what parts of speech the vocabulary word is. (noun, verb, etc)
  • How to pronounce the word.
  • Finally, I would like you to find a pictorial representation of the word.  This will help to fix the word in your mind.

Your Vocabulary Notebook entries should look like this example:

Vocabulary Notebook

  1.  Word = Outsource
  • Meaning = (of a company or organization) to purchase (goods) or subcontract (services) from an outside supplier or source.
  • Translation = الاستعانة بمصادر خارجية
  • Example sentence = The college outsources the cleaning services to another company.
  • Collocation = Services/solutions/contract
  • Parts of speech = V – Outsource N – Outsourcing Adj – Outsourced
  • Pronunciation = [out-sawrs, ‐sohrs]

Way Signs

The quality of your vocabulary notebook will contribute 5% towards your overall course grade. (5% of the 20% allocated for ‘Set exercises’ )

I will grade the vocabulary entries in the following way:

Grade Task fulfillment
A You have completed every aspect of the notebook for all the vocabulary words.
B You have completed most but not all aspects of the Vocabulary notebook.
C You have completed some aspects of the Vocabulary notebook.
D You have completed a few parts of the Vocabulary notebook but not all.
F You have not completed any of the notebook.

Academic Word list 1 Part 1 – Add 5 words to your vocabulary notebook each lesson.

analyze constitute establish
approach context estimate
area contract evident
assess create export
assume data factor
authority define finance
available derive  Assistant
Affect Analysts aspect
attitude Authority Awareness
Chemicals  Communication Comment
committed Expose Pose
Community Finance Previous
Conclude Function Primary
Concentrate Fund Process
Confirmation Global Psychological
Consequences Guarantee Psychologist
Constantly Illustrate Pursue
Consume Impact Range
Contribute Implement Ratio
Cultural Impose Register
Decline Indicate Regulator
Demonstrate Injury Reliable
Deny Intervention Require
Despite Isolation Resources
Domestic Investigation Reveal
Eliminate Issue Significant
Emergence Link Signify
Emphasise Majority Specify
Enforce Outcome Summarise
Exhibit Physical Survey

Task 5 Referencing and Plagiarism.

Part A Plagiarism Plagiarism

  • One of the requirements in HCT is to be able to reference your work using APA style, so you avoid PLAGIARISM.

Go to your Bblearn site for this course.  Click on Course Materials and watch the videos there about Plagiarism.

  1. Why do students Plagiarise?  Watch the BBlearn video to find out.
  2. The other problem is that now plagiarism is really easy and teachers don’t even know, or do they? Watch the BBlearn video to find out.
  3. Maybe you know you shouldn’t do, but how do you NOT DO IT? Watch the BBlearn video to find out
  4. What happens to students who plagiarize? Watch the BBlearn video to find out.

Part B Referencing


plagiarism 1

You can show off your good research and avoid plagiarism by these two steps:

  1. correctly cite your work in the body of your essay (family name, year) like this (Wright, 2018)
  2. References.  This is a bibliography list at the end of your essay (Here at HCT use APA style)
Now we have looked at why NOT to plagiarise and how to reference, make a short video in a group (max 3 people),  something like this.   You can use Powtoon or any other software you chose.  When you have finished post it on your blogs.

Task 6 Reports

Now let’s start writing. We will concentrate on two forms here, the Report and the Essay.
Let’s look at reports first.  Read this link about Reports.  Now post to your blog what you think is the purpose of a report. Use the title TASK 6 and write an entry of AT LEAST 100 words. 
Now let’s look at other features of a report, read the following report LSC 1103 lsc-1103-report-writing and answer the following questions:

  1. What does it take to write an essay or report?
  2. What three things must students do before they start to write?
  3. What three things should students watch if they want to write great essays?
  4. What two things does formatting demonstrate?
  5. What fonts and sizes should you use when you write a report?
  6. How should you space your report?
  7. List 5 aspects of language use that are graded when you submit a report (in paragraph 3)
  8. What two things does factual information need to be?
  9. What do you need to do with the information you find on the internet or in books?
  10. What must you include on a separate page after the essay?

Post your answers to Task 6 of your blog.

Task 7 Active Reading

Identifying the main idea and topic sentence of a paragraph

One most important aspects of reading is how to identify the main points and supporting ideas, so click on this link then go on to complete the practice activity here.


DIRECTIONS Look for the main idea in each of the following paragraphs. Remember that the main idea is the overall point of the paragraph.  It is usually the first sentence of a paragraph.  If the section already has a topic sentence, then simply copy it, if it doesn’t then write one to post into your blog.
Example: Many people know an orca when they see one. Orcas have distinct black-and-white markings that make them easy to recognize. Commonly known as killer whales, they are a popular subject for documentaries and feature films. Frequently, orcas are featured performers in aquatic shows. Perhaps no other sea mammal is as familiar to people.The main idea is: Orcas are very familiar to people.
Now read the paragraphs below and find the main idea.  Write  the main idea for each paragraph in your blog (Title Task 7)

  1. There are some common misconceptions about orcas. For one thing, they are not, as some people think, the largest species of whale. The orca is merely the largest member of the dolphin family of whales. Furthermore, many people think of orcas as solitary creatures, but they usually live in groups of up to fifty animals.                       The main idea is:
  2. Killer whales hunt in organized groups. Working together, a group of killer whales can herd prey animals into shallow water, trapping them against the shore. Orcas’ speed and body shape are ideal for hunting. Large, strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles help them seize large prey. Although they usually feed on fish and squid, they have been known to hunt successfully animals as large as great whales.                    The main idea is:
  3. Orcas were once called whale killers, but the name has somehow been transposed to killer whales. Orcas are called killers not because of their behavior toward humans, but because of the way they treat other ocean creatures. They are fierce, quick, and intelligent predators with huge appetites. Orcas will hunt fish, squid, penguins, seals, whales, and other dolphins. Nonetheless, there are no records of an orca killing a human.    The main idea is:

Task 8 Writing a Topic Sentence (The main idea)

When you write a paragraph it should look like this burger below.  The topic sentence (main idea) first, then your supporting sentences (details) then a concluding sentence.


DIRECTIONS:  For each of the following paragraphs, I want you to write a topic sentence that gives the main idea. The first one has been done as an example for you. (Clue – in a well written paragraph the topic sentence will often be the first sentence.)

Example: Before 1966, the ice axes used in mountain climbing had straight blades. This limited the kinds of slopes that could be climbed. When Yvon Chouinard added a slight curve to the pick side of the axe, however, even the steepest slopes seemed attainable. It was, indeed, the beginning of a new sport called ice climbing.                                                              Topic sentence = Ice climbing developed with the introduction of a new type of axe. 

  1. The curved ice axe has allowed climbers to take on nearly vertical slopes that once seemed impossible. Now, armed with their axes, daring ice climbers prefer the extremely dangerous vertical slopes. Some of their favourite challenges are frozen waterfalls. Topic sentence =
  2. Frozen waterfalls are intensely beautiful. Climbing on such ice is like climbing on a diamond that sparkles blue one minute and yellow the next. In addition, ice climbers get a breathtaking view of the winter world below them. Ice climbers also enjoy the challenges of frozen waterfalls. All the challenges of climbing an entire mountain can be encountered by scaling a single frozen waterfall. Topic sentence =
  3. When ice climbers are on the side of a frozen waterfall, their arms and legs are in constant use. Each hand holds an ice axe. Strapped to each boot are crampons, which are a layer of two-inch spikes, some of which point forward to grip the ice. It takes strength to drive the axe into the ice. Even when a climber is not moving, each muscle is needed to hold on. Topic sentence =
  4. Many experienced mountain and rock climbers shy away from this dramatic and dangerous sport. Those who do attempt the sport of ice climbing tend to be well prepared. They must have the right boots, gloves, spikes, and other equipment. While climbing, they are very slow and careful. Topic sentence =

Task 9

Now you are ready to try and complete your first reading test.  Reading Test 1 Complete and submit this to Assessment  Reading test 1 on Bblearn.

reading-and-vocab-test Food Matters

Task 10 Paragraph Writing – Collecting Supporting Details

When you write paragraphs, you have to collect details that support your main idea. EVERY paragraph that you write should look like this hand.  One main idea only and supporting details of evidence and examples.  Watch this video on collecting supporting details

DIRECTIONS Practice doing this with the following topic sentences. On the lines provided, post at least two details to support each topic sentence. The first one has been done as an example for you.


If I could organize a field trip, I know just where we would go. (Detail 1) – First I would go to Masdar City to explore new approaches to energy conscious living, and then (Detail 2) to Qar Al Hosn festival to better understand Emirati culture and traditions.

Use the title TASK 10 and add at least two details (supporting sentences) to the following topic sentences:

  1. I have accomplished something important.
  2. Here is a person whom I consider successful.
  3. I’m the kind of person who says what I think.
  4. Cars have changed a lot since the 1970’s.
  5. Last summer was different from all the summers before it.
  6. I hope to have an unusual career someday.
  7. I think everyone needs a pet.

Task 11 Reading practice and  vocabulary.

Copy and paste this essay introduction to your blog.  Fill in the missing words using the list below:

The Psychology of Compliance Individuals and groups can directly and indirectly ……………….. another person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior.  The process through which this happens is called  ……………………………….  There are two types of social influence: conformity and compliance.  ………………….. occurs when people change their  ………………….. and beliefs to match those of other members of a group.  Conformity occurs as a result of ………………….group pressure.  Unspoken group pressure can be real or imagined.  In contrast, ……………….. occurs when people change what they say or do because of a direct request.  Compliance occurs as a result of overt …………………..  There are different methods people use to obtain compliance.  Three of those methods are the …………………… technique, …………………procedure, and the  …………………….approach.
foot in the door
door in the face
low ball

Task 12 Referencing Practice

plagiarism 2

Remember ALL of your work for HCT must be have correct references and intext citations.  Let’s do some more practice so you are expert at this.

  1. Open and complete this easy worksheet here Citation and Referencing worksheet 
  2. Complete this Reference practice and Post both worksheets to your blogs.

Task 13 Reading test 2

Reading test on-the-road-2-1


Task 14 Critical Reading

Read the article below on critical reading and then answer the questions that follow each paragraph.
What is Critical Reading?
Critical reading does not mean criticizing or finding mistakes in a text or an article.  Critical reading means noticing techniques that writers use to convince readers to accept ideas or information.   Readers who recognize these techniques can evaluate a reading selection more easily.  Critical reading is a skill used in everyday life.  For example, in college, choosing an answer on a multiple choice test requires critical reading skills.  Purchasing a product online is another example of a task that requires critical reading skills.
Qn.1. An example of critical reading used in everyday life is:
  • a.  reading road signs.
  • b. shopping online.
  • c. both a and b
Critical readers 
Critical readers do not automatically believe that everything they read is true.  They ask themselves questions about the text.  For example, they might ask if the author is well-known.  They might ask if the author is an expert on the subject.  They also ask what the author’s purpose is for writing.  Is it to present facts or statistics, or is it to persuade or convince the reader to believe something?   In addition, critical readers are aware of the author’s approach.  Is the information presented in an objective or critical way?  Does the writer reveal a subjective (positive or negative) attitude toward the subject?
Qn.2 Does a critical reader question the writer’s purpose for writing?
Identifying and evaluating the main idea
Critical reading means analyzing ideas and then deciding whether to accept them, reject them, or think about them further.  In order to analyze ideas, good readers first identify the main idea.  Finding the main idea is key to understanding the writer’s argument.  Good readers skim the reading and find the main idea before reading the main article.  This results in faster and more effective reading.Critical readers also evaluate the main idea.  They do this by asking questions.  Does the main idea seem important?  Does it seem logical?  Does it allow for other viewpoints?  Does the author insist that this viewpoint is the only valid one?  If the main idea doesn’t seem important or logical, critical readers pay close attention to the details the author uses to support it.
Qn.3. Before reading an entire article, good readers:
  • a.  skim the reading.
  • b. scan for statistics.
  • c.  evaluate the approach.
Examining support for the main idea
Paying close attention to the details means examining the evidence the author uses to support the main idea.  Evidence may include facts, statistics, examples, experience, and opinions.  The critical reader asks two key questions.  The first is, “Is the evidence adequate?”  The reader decides whether the author has provided enough support for the main idea.  One or two examples are usually not enough to support a viewpoint.  If the support is inadequate, the critical reader will not accept the author’s opinion as true. The second question is, “Does the evidence seem accurate?”  The reader considers the source of the information.  The reader also considers the methods that were used to collect the facts.  If the source is questionable, the support may also be questionable.  If the method is unreliable, the facts may be unreliable as well.
Qn.4. Answer ‘True’ or ‘False’.
Critical readers must decide whether an author’s support for the main idea is accurate.
Qn.5. If a writer’s support is inadequate, what does a critical reader do?
Qn.6. Evidence to support the main idea may include:
  • a.  statistics.
  • b.  examples.
  • c.both a and b
Analyzing the presentation of evidence  
Critical reading also requires the reader to recognize errors in the author’s thinking.  Errors weaken the author’s support and, thus, the author’s ideas.  For example, the author may use circular reasoning.  This is simply repeating the main idea in different words without adding any reasons or evidence to support the main idea.  The author may also try to distract the reader with a red herring.  A red herring is an idea or statement that distracts or leads the reader away from the issue.  Finally, the author may make a hasty generalization.  This means the author bases a conclusion on very little evidence or support.
Qn.7.  Is the purpose of a red herring to distract the reader’s attention?
Qn.8   Basing a conclusion on very little support is also known as?
  • a. circular reasoning.
  • b. hasty generalization.
  • c.  red herring.
Putting it all together  
Critical readers understand both what a text says and how it says it.  Critical reading, then, means three things.  It means recognizing the techniques authors use to convince the reader to accept the ideas as presented.  It means evaluating the text in light of these techniques.  It also means deciding whether to accept or reject the text, or to gather more information before making a decision.
Qn.9.  Do you agree that being able to recognize errors in an author’s thinking is part of analyzing evidence?

Task 15

A summary is a short version of a longer text.  It includes all the main ideas but none of the detail.  One of the most important reading skills is being able to read and summarize what you have read.  There are 4 short videos on Bblearn (course content – summaries) that provide an example of the process of writing a summary.  Watch these videos then:Video 1 – how to highlight the main ideas.

Video 2 – creating bullet points.
Video 3 on writing a summary 
Video 4 on citation verbs and lexical references.
  • Read This and highlight the main ideas.
  • Take bullet point notes on these main ideas.
  • Use these notes and write your own summary.
  • Post your summary as Task 15 Part A
Part B
Once you have completed Part A work through this worksheet and summarize the text at the end as your practice test 3 writing a summary example.